Cuba became the first country that managed to eliminate the transmission of HIV and syphilis from mother to baby, published by the World Health Organization.
Director General of the World Health Organization, Margaret Chan, said this was “one of the greatest achievements in health ever” and represents an important step towards the future without AIDS.
The elimination of the disease comes after many tests performed on pregnant women and increased use of special medicines as part of a regional initiative for the elimination of the transmission of the virus from mother to child.
It is assumed that each year, 1.4 million women living with HIV become pregnant. Without any treatment, there are 15-45 % chances of the virus to be transmitted during pregnancy or breastfeeding. With the new treatment, the risk is 1 %. More than 35 million adults and children live with the virus worldwide. Infection with the virus decreases. In 2013 the virus has infected 2.1 million people, while in 2005 the figure amounted to 2.9 million people.