With the arrival of warm and sunny weather we begin to notice the different pigment changes in the skin during the winter that we did not bother. In dermatological clinics have been experiencing a rush of those various spots, freckles and other similar scars want to remove as soon as possible. Brown patches of irregular shape, usually on the cheeks or forehead, one of the most common hiper pigmentacion changes in the skin that occurs as a direct result of sun exposure. In order to avoid damage caused by the action of ultraviolet rays, people who are extremely sensitive to the effects of solar radiation have their skin to provide the highest level of protection from the sun. The most common pigmentary changes are freckles, solar lentigines, and Melasma.
Changes in pigmentation
With melasma, freckles are the most common type of dark spots and are completely benign lesions. Freckles appear in the form of small, pigmented stains brownish color, usually located on the nose and cheeks. They can also occur on other parts, such as the shoulders, upper back, neck, and some people cover almost the entire body skin. Typically occurring in childhood and become more pronounced during the summer. Freckles fade during seasons with less sunny periods. In elderly patients leads to regression and retreat spot.
Since this is a completely benign therapy is not required. For cosmetic reasons can try bleaching treatments, cryotherapy, superficial chemical peel and laser treatments, but none of the above methods do not lead to satisfactory results. It is advisable to photoprotection and avoiding exposure to natural and artificial sources of UV radiation.
This is a smooth brownish stains a few millimeters in diameter, which appear to fotoeexpouse areas such as the face, of hand and neckline. Usually occur after the age of 40, and the aging of their number increases. This change is a characteristic that does not fade with the seasons with less sunlight. These changes are directly associated with age and prolonged exposure to sunlight.
There are numerous methods of removing the solar lentigo. Applied therapy or cryotherapy with liquid nitrogen, different means of depigmentation, chemical peel and dermabrasion. However, nowadays most applied laser surgery because it shows the best therapeutic results. Photoprotection and exposing UV rays are extremely important in the prevention of solar lentigo.
Melasma, also known as pregnancy spots, mostly occurs in women and is associated with pregnancy, birth control pills, hormone replacement therapy in menopause and possible mild hormonal disorder. Identified by brownish blotches of irregular shape on the forehead, cheeks, nose and earrings. It is more common in young, dark-skinned woman. Because pregnant women are particularly prone to the occurrence of melasma, should not stay in the sun without protection agents.
Melasma is not only occurs during pregnancy. A lot of her prone women who live in sunny areas, and in particular the attack and patients with thyroid dysfunctions. Taking estrogen in oral contraceptives may accelerate the development of melasma. It can occur in both men after sun exposure. To remove melasma used medical peels, dermabrasion, and preparations based on vitamin C.
Methods of removing stains
All procedures that can be used to remove the brown spots are considered aesthetic corrective surgery. Conducted from early fall to early spring. With treatments in a dermatologist’s office, or treatments that are practiced in beauty salons, has an important role to prevent the effects of the sun. For Hyper pigmentation spots, especially melasma, may be used if recommended by dermatologists whitening creams. Such creams, whose composition is based on hydroquinone, reduce the amount of the pigment-producing cells, and lift the existing spots in four to eight weeks of application.
It is desirable to be done by a dermatologist exfoliating glycolic acid to the skin color. In addition, your doctor may recommend treatment cycle IPL device that heat destroys the pigmented cells.
Lightening of skin color
There are a number of products designed specifically for harmonizing and brightening skin color. It is important that during the summer months regularly, not just at the beach, you start using the product for sunscreen broad spectrum, at least SPF 30 because the dark spots under the action of UV rays further darken and undo the improvements that you have in the meantime reached creams to lighten. In recent years, increasing number of requests for brightening the spot.
Studies have shown that 35 percent of women older than 40 years and more than 50 percent of women older than 50 years has pigment spots. It is more and more women who have already been subjected to different treatments, but with the first exposure to the sun spots were repeated.
Risks of bleaching sun spots and freckles
As with any treatment, when using bleach, there are certain side effects. Therefore, before you opt for any of the methods of whitening skin, it should be good to consider all the possible consequences, because they can cause serious interference in the process of formation of new pigments. Also, there is a risk of itching, peeling skin, redness and allergic reactions, and it is therefore very important to first consult with a dermatologist. All these treatments stimulate the skin loses its natural self-protection and the need to further protect each exposure to the sun, even in winter.