Goji berries can be found dried in the stores for healthy food. You already know about the benefits from this super fruit.
Goji (Lycium barbarum and Lycium chinense) is a plant from the Solanacea family, a bush that can grow 3 m height. It blooms during the summer and gives it fruits in the autumn, for which the experienced gardeners advice to be harvested not with hands, but to be shaken out of the plant.
In 2008 the goji berries were proclaimed super fruit in Time magazine, because of their strong antioxidant effect.
Goji is recommended for diabetes, hypertension, malaria, fiber and tumors. They improve the blood circulation, calms down the vertigo and is a special tonic for blurred sight and other problems with the eyes.
It is used for muscle and bones strengthening, as well as a tonic for the heart, liver and the kidneys. They also lower down sweating, thirst, irritation, nose haemorrhage and so on.
The fruits are to be eaten raw, dried. Their taste is similar to the taste of dried grapes. They are used for many juices, liqueurs and other drinks, and can also be used as food addition.
How to plant goji?
- Planting the goji seedling
The goji bush needs a lot of sun, so it is best to plant it on a place that is all day exposed to sunlight. The planting can be done from 20 April until late autumn. If you plant it during the summer, you must water it more often.
The soil should be pH 6,5 and not planted with pines because they make acid soil.
It is planted in holes 40x40x40 in 1m distance. Put muck on the bottom of the hole and put the rutted soil back on it, then make a hole 15 to 20 cm deep. Put substrate (a humus soil with bigger pH) under the seedling.
Put a little substrate around the seedling and cover it all with the rutted soil. Water the whole surface well. You can put stick next to the plant to strengthen it. When the plant it young it should be watered regularly. You should put muck on the plant every spring and autumn.
In the summer, when it’s bright, the temperature and the water suit the plant’s needs for growth and development, so the goji grows faster. If it is not trimmed, the goji plant would be ugly with bad structure and form and wit less fruits.
In Ningxia, China (the fatherland of the goji plant), the goji is traditionally trimmed in umbrella form. The last few years there are two new models that have better breed (three levels and cylinder model).
The trimming of the goji berry is the key factor in raising it.
Trimming in the first year:
- Keep the biggest and healthiest young branch as hub. Remove any side branches that have less than 50 cm length.
- When it reaches 60 cm, cut the excessive part of the tree so that the other branches grow.
- Every new branch that make angle of 45 degrees, remove it, keep only 3-4 side branches.
- When the side branches grow to 30 cm length, apart from the main stem, leave the biggest branch for the next year.