Retention of fluids in the body is known as edema. It is characterized by swelling and can occur in various parts of the body. Usually, it affects the legs, ankles, feet, knees, arms, and hands. While in some cases, swelling can occur around the face, chest, and abdomen.
What causes it?
Not all cases of edema occur as a result of a specific underlying medical condition. Some cases of edema are caused by injury, high salt intake, posture and even a combination of different factors.
Treatments for Edema
Mild forms of edema will typically go away on their own, particularly if you raise the limb above the heart for a certain amount of time each day. Standard at-home remedies to help the edema disappear include:
Low-salt diet: Those on a high-salt diet may be more at risk for edema because high qualities of sodium lead to an electrolyte imbalance, which can overtax the kidneys and lead to water retention. Cutting back on salt can help reduce edema.
B Vitamins: The B-complex vitamins are water-soluble vitamins necessary for metabolizing fat and proteins. These vitamins are also required for blood cell formation, brain, and nervous system function. A deficiency in the B vitamins, specifically B-1 and B-2 are a common cause of extremity swelling.
Dandelion Tea: Dandelion has many medicinal values to treat liver, kidney, heartburn, and digestive problems. It is a natural diuretic and it helps the kidneys flush toxins and excess salt and fluids from the body. It is also rich in calcium, potassium, iron, magnesium, and manganese to treat the fluid retention. Be aware that some people are allergic to dandelion and that it may cause gastric problems or negatively interact with lithium, diabetes drugs, or over-the-counter diuretics. Consult doctor before using this remedy.
Increase Your Magnesium Intake: Magnesium is a very important mineral. In fact, it is involved in more than 300 enzymatic reactions that keep the body functioning. Moreover, increasing your magnesium intake may help reduce water retention. Good sources of magnesium include nuts, whole grains, dark chocolate and leafy, green vegetables. It is also available as a supplement.
Drink more water: You must drink eight to ten glasses of water per day. Although edema is referred to as fluid retention, drinking plenty of clear fluids, such as water, will flush out toxins and excess fluid accumulation.
Garlic: Well known for its effect on the common cold, garlic has historically been used as a diuretic.
High potassium foods: Potassium helps eliminate excess fluid from the body, so eat a few extra bananas, raisins, tomato paste and juice, white beans, soybeans, and kidney beans.
Diuretic Foods: Diuretic foods cause you to urinate more frequently. This helps release excess water, flush harmful toxins from the body, and lower blood pressure by restoring your body’s proper sodium/water balance. There are over-the-counter diuretic pills, but their effects are short-lived. Adding diuretic foods to your meals every day prevents water retention on a lasting basis.
Mixed Herbal Tea: Many herbs are effective diuretics, and this recipe mixes several herbs for maximum benefit. It is best to use fresh herbs. If you use dried ones, use 3 parts parsley to 1 part of each of the other herbs.
Yogurt: Retention is caused when blood protein, albumin is too low. Yogurt is an excellent source of protein, which holds salt and water inside blood vessels, preventing them from leaking out into tissues and causing swelling. Eat a cup or two of Greek yogurt every day to get the protein and potassium your body needs. If you suffer from kidney problems or are having dialysis then take low protein diet and consult your doctor before starting a high-protein diet.