The cartilage is a flexible connective tissue that is located in the joints of hands and feet
The cartilage is a flexible connective tissue that is located in the joints of hands and feet, forms the ear, nose, airways and chest. It is lighter that the bones but heavier than the muscles.
It’s main feature is the flexibility which enables to adjust the movements and learning the pressures resulting from the movements of the bone. The cartilage is the main carrier mobility of joints, especially if we take into account its mechanical properties that include response to friction that results from movement and pressure when tightening. Articular cartilage comprises cells hondocit and matrix whose main component is collagen.
The cartilage begins to spend over the years, thereby creating major problems in performing daily activities. Besides the age, a natural process of spending cartilage creates a major problem and obesity, which has an additional pressure on the joints and increases pressure, especially the knees, which making movement becomes extremely difficult.
The excessive physical activity and carrying too heavy a burden leads to mechanical damage which is typical for athletes. Managing machines that produce large vibrations can also lead to spending of cartilage in the joints. The road to recovery and rebuilding damaged joints is long and ardous and requires adherence to appropriate therapies.
Despite the damage, cartilage is vulnerable to many diseases among the most common is osteoarthritis, which affects all joints in the body. The disease leads to loss of the layer between the bones and the joints which increases the pressure and causes inflammation and pain, and the muscles around the bones weaken significantly.
The disease occurs when injury or combination of factors, such as genetic predisposition, age, obesity and stress. It is more common for people who passed 40 and more in men than in women.
Osteoarthritis develops slowly with a blunt pain in the thumb, knee and hip. It is not easy to establish a diagnosis as early pain is insignificant. Depending on the stage of the disease is determined and also the therapy and treatment.
The preference for a medicine is given to paracetamol in the form of drugs and ibuprofen or diclofenac if they can help, go with a non-steroidal anti-rheumatic. The regulation of body weight is mandatory with easy exercise. The ultimate option for treatment are surgery or application of injections with hyaluronic acid.
Chondrolysis is a disease which occurs in the matrix of the cartilage surface as necrosis of the joint surface or cracks. The reason may be injury, infection or due to prolonged immobilization of joints.
Chondromalacia is a disease of the joints and is followed by widespread pain in any movement. The disease can occur in adolescence, particularly among girls, it is characteristic deformity in the legs in the shape of “X” or “O” or unequal length of the legs.
Achondroplasia is a hereditary disease that occurs as a result of genetic mutation. In this disease the problem is the transformation of cartilage into bone, i.e. boning, leading to disturbances in the development of dwarfish.
Herniation of the spinal disc is a disease that usually affects older people in coming to damage of the intra-vertebral drive. As a result of raising difficult terrain, sharp bending and twisting of the spine can lead to penetration of the nucleus disc through the fibrous ring of damaged vertebrae and pressure on the nerves that pass through the spine. If there is a divergence of the ligament that connects the vertebrae, there comes to herniated disc that causes a lot of pain.
Tumors of cartilage occur very rarely and primarily can develop into the bones. Chordoma are benign and the chondrosarcoma are malignant tumors of the articular cartilage.
Quality diet rich in vitamins and amino acids can prevent damage of the cartilage. Particularly significant input of the amino acid lysine through legumes, eggs, soy, yoghurt, cheese, dried fruit. The second important ingredient is chrodotine, which keeps the elasticity and mobility of the joints and is primarily found in shellfish, lobsters and crabs.
Foods rich in vitamin help the restoration and conservation of the cartilage joints.
As a powerful antioxidant it fights against free radicals that can damage cells. When treating cartilage it is desirable to consume food rich in this vitamin: fish oil, dairy products, highly colored fruits and vegetables such as pepper, tomatoes, melons, carrots….
Helps in restoring collagen which has a major function in the formation of tendons and ligaments. 90mg per day are recommended through supplements or citrus fruits (orange, lemon, citrus, kiwi) and vegetables (lettuce, peppers).
Lack of vitamin D can cause arthritis and thus lead to disease of the joints. The creation of this vitamin is simply a boost with sun exposure and the second option is intake through food: fish, shellfish, dairy products, butter.
This vitamin activates the matrix of the Gla protein that is necessary to rebuild the cartilage. It also controls the mineralization of the bones and supports the development of the bone tissue. Lettuce, parsley and olive oil are particularly rich in this vitamin, whose recommended daily dose is 125mg for men and 90mg for women.
Glucosamine is considered to be one of the most effective drugs for arthritis and regeneration of the cartilage. Glucosamine is used as glucosamine sulfate whose implementation stimulates incorporation of sulfur in cartilage, which increases the flexibility and mobility of the joints. Glucosamine is applied locally in the form of gel, cream or lotion, which treats the area in pain with analgesics to relieve the pain.
There are a few ways mentioned in the alternative medicine to treat arthritis and joint pain.
Renewal of the cartilage in a natural way
Application of bovine gelatin is one of the most effective natural remedies to rebuild the damaged cartilage. Gelatin is very similar to cartilage in the composition, it is rich in amino acids, proteins and collagen, so its regular consumption is achieves very quick positive effects. It is recommended to take 10g daily, therapy that lasts 30 days. After completing the therapy, make a pause of 6 months.
For red and sore knee, apply two coatings. They have an instant effect.
Coating of sore milk mixed with a little olive oil, applied to the inflamed knee, which is then wrapped in cotton cloth. Considering the fact that the yoghurt draws the heat from the knee, it reduces the inflammation.
The second coating involves applying leaves of cabbage, previously crushed and rubbed on the sore knee, and then wrapped in cotton cloth. This coating should stay for 2 hours.
For chronic pain nettle tea is recommended, which is rich in silicate acid whose action can help reduce pain. The tea is prepared in the following way: two teaspoons baskets poured with 200ml of eater, and the beverage prepared this way is consumed three times a day.
To remove the pain in the joints, the physical therapies have shown successful and effective, which include the use of a magnet and LED lights that reduce swelling, pain and stiffness and don’t have any harmful effects. Acupuncture is also one of the ways to relieve pain because it acts on the complete immune system, reduces tension and increases body’s resistance.
The baths and treatments with curative waters and mud are also recommended for those suffering from arthritis because they have therapeutic act on the affected joints.