We’ve all had one experience in our lifetime when we had a hangover and gone too far drinking the other night drinking at a party, but what really happens when we get drunk?
How is it possible that some alcoholic liquor can affect so much on our behavior and leave consequences in the morning after? Science has the answer:
Everything you drink passes through the esophagus, stomach and intestines.
The walls of the small intestines are permeable, so the alcohol that didn’t get absorbed and got this “waiting room” starts to enter the bloodstream very fast.
Your circulatory system is quite fast. So, when you drink alcohol, your blood moves very fast, that easily leads to drunkenness.
The alcohol suffered very little processing in the body, at that moment, and here is how “breathalyzers” actually work:
They do nor measure how much alcohol you have drank, but how much alcohol got into your lungs, and then form your lungs into your circulatory system, hence the term “alcohol in blood”.
Meanwhile, the liver tries to mediate in the situation with detoxification of alcohol which is now in your bloodstream. The speed of the liver to do that is based on the type of alcohol you consumed, or whether there is something in your stomach that will help the absorption and return it to the digestive system.
So, if you drink brandy for example, on an empty stomach, you will get drunk faster, unlike if you combine other drinks with carbohydrates (beer). The liver cannot handle this mixture simultaneously and in the same time, so the alcohol remains much longer in your bloodstream.
The liver tries to be super useful to you by detoxification, and it tries to metabolize the alcohol in nutrients that the body will be able to process and use.
Unfortunately, the detoxification of the liver results in producing acetaldehyde. The acetaldehyde is the real culprit for the hangover: it’s toxic for your liver, stomach and brain, and here’s where the horrible feeling of nausea, vomiting and headaches comes from in the morning.
The detoxification of the alcohol makes its way back to the digestive tract to the kidneys responsible for the other liquids that circulate through our body. The kidneys direct their liquid products to the bladder.
In effort to help the liver, they may even take some of the alcohol not analyzed before in the blood and liver. This is the reason why drinking alcohol causes frequent urinating at night.
You don’t urinate directly the alcohol only. Your body wants to get rid of the toxins as fast as it can.
The activation of the mechanism that allows you to frequently go to the bathroom leads to dehydration. And this is the particular reason why you have headache in the morning. Your brain is the first that feels the dehydration because it lacks water. Never got to bed after drinking without drinking an enormous quantity of water before.